Article to The GATE Academy, Bangalore

I wrote an article to The GATE Academy,my GATE coaching institute to provide few important and most curious information to the GATE aspirants there. Here it goes,

Dear IIT/IISc aspirants,

I am very happy o share my experience during the journey from GATE preparation till I successfully completed my Post-Graduation.  Hope this will be helpful for those dreaming their future days at IITs/IISc. These institutes are the best places in India to get your dream career come true.

GATE preparation and Post preparation for PG admissions:

Important points during GATE preparation:

  1. Follow standard text books and be clear with concepts
  2. Choose important and topics you find tougher, keep revising at least once a week i.e. regular revision during preparation.
  3. Start solving problems from easiest to tougher and then GATE level 2 marks  and tricky 1 mark questions
  4. If don’t find solution, never give up start finding it from friends, books and teachers.
  5. Collect as many more questions as possible from all the possible sources, solve.. solve and solve.. Nothing can beat the best practice and focused preparation. I referred G.K. Publishers, , Previous GATE papers, Model and Mock test papers.
  6. Regularly solving the difficult problems.. You can find new, shorter and smarter methods to solve problems in lesser time.
  7. Make sure you don’t forget what you studied before while studying new topics.
  8. Make sure that your shorter and smarter methods are conceptually right and start reasoning why the method works? This improves your reasoning ability when you come across new problems in the exam.
  9. Keep a proper time table till the end preparation. Start end preparation before 2-3 months.

The last lap:  Preparations during last 2-3 months

So far you have solved question topic wise. Now start solving papers.

  1. Solve as many papers as possible minimum 40-50 papers.
  2. Solve randomly chosen questions.
  3. Mean while keep revising and studying toughest topics you feel.
  4. Make sure you don’t miss some not-frequently asked and easy topics for best result.

Just relax your mind and prepare mentally to stay calm and relaxed, think patiently in the lst week of end preparation. Mock tests would help a lot with this and to be well prepared with topics.

I suggest not to study new topics at this time i.e. which you think is totally new. Try new kind of questions and think of possible questions on topic.

With properly planned and well managed study you can easily mange stress during examination.

I hope this article helps you to make your preparation the best.

All the very best to all GATE aspirants.

Life @IIT Kharagpur during M.Tech. Student life:

IITkgpian’s life is full of fun and enjoyable. Semester duration is only 4 months at IIT Kharagpur which is shortest among all IITs. So, IIT acad is basically very short, conceptual, more practical and research oriented. Syllabus will be updated according to latest research work by Professors. Professors are very helpful, friendly and knowledgeable. They discuss concepts in the practical aspect. Labs are availed with essential equipments along with teaching assistants for personal attention of students and all required guidance.

Difference I experienced at IIT is : Lots of opportunities in every field social and cultural, technical and as well with Acads to recognize talents in any field by different societies for different events such as Technology Music societies, Technology Dance Society, Technology Dramatic Society, Entrepreneurship cell, Departments Societies so on. Every talent is given a opportunity on stage to nurture their skills and eventually leading to develop it as a passion. IIT life is very enjoyable with Cultural, Sports, Technical fests, Inter IIT events, various workshops almost every week end.

Except Internship opportunities during vacation, long period of 4/5 years duration which makes an abundant time to utilize IIT stay and opportunities, there is no much difference between a Post-Grad and Under-Grads. It’s all about ones capability to utilize the facilities to make it the best place for future career. There are equal opportunities for ,  and Dual degree candidates.

I thank The GATE Academy for giving me this opportunity to share few words with IIT/IISc aspirants.

All the best to The GATE Academy and all GATE aspirants..:)



IISC Interview Experience-2012

Some of my blog visitors got in touch with during IIT/IISc admission process in this year- 2012 have shared their experiences to share here so that it helps the coming IIT/IISc aspirants. I am thankful to them and happy to share this valuable information on my blog.

Check out these conversation on Emails yourself.

1.   Chaitanya,

Hi Rekha,

I am Chaitanya from Bangalore. I happen to read your blog and just thought of getting some doubts cleared. I secured a GATE rank of 480 and a Gate score of 729 in the year 2012. What are my chances at IITs? Also I am interested in the field of communications and signal processing. How are these departments at IIT Kharagpur ? Thanks for taking your time to read my mail.

I got selected for admission to IISc in CEDT department. I have been short listed for IITK in RF and microwaves. Also in IITkgp for all branches for interview.  Also in IITB for Communications in RA category. I am 99% sure that i would be joining IISc. As  I had told you earlier i was originally interested in the field of signal processing. But, since i have got selected in IISc, i am having second thoughts. What would you have done?

I have decided to join IISc and I am more than happy to share my experience. Here it goes….

1. The written test was on April 14, 2012. I guess the total number of candidates who were shortlisted for written test could be around 600 to 700(because my rank was 480).So this is just an educated guess. The test comprised of 1mark(8), 2mark(8) and 3mark(8) questions(they were not objective kind). The questions included design of op-amp based circuits, digital circuits, mathematical fundamentals(limits, fourier series and stuff), questions based on dc motors, one question based on physics(F = ma principle), few questions on mechanics, one question on chemistry(galvanisation),etc. The duration of the test was around 1 hour 15 minutes.

2. The results of the test were announced the same day at 7pm. Totally 157 candidates were shortlisted for interviews. The interview was held over a span of 2 days for all the candidates. There was only one round of inteview. My interview was slated on April 16th 2.00 PM.

3. Many candidates were asked interview questions mainly based on their degree project. In my case, I had completed my Engineering in 2009 and then worked as a lecturer in a private institute for one and a half years. So, they asked me what were the courses that I taught while I was a lecturer. I had taught a course on Random Processes and Control systems. Therefore all the questions were based on these two courses that I had taught.

In random processes, question based on independence of events and a common problem in that area was asked. In control systems, questions were based on root locus, PI controller etc. The duration of the interview was 20 minutes. The results of the interview were announced by the end of April. Totally 19 candidates were selected for admission out of the 157 candidates who were shortlisted for interview.

4. Few tips that i would like to share:

i) Be confident about what your speaking. Well this confidence would only come from preparation. There is no point in preparing for an interview the day before the interview. So, concentrate on learning concepts while preparing for GATE and not just solving many many problems. In an interview your understanding of concepts will be tested.

ii) Many candidates with better rank(rank 150, 200 and so on) than me were not able to crack the interview. Also I must mention that I got the admission under the general merit category. So, one should not think that the interview is a mere formality and guys with better ranks only will be given admission finally. Even if you did not make it to the top in GATE, you can make up for it by giving your best in the interview (ofcourse first you have to be shortlisted).

iii) I have been a teacher for quite sometime(1.5 years). So i recommend those who are preparing for GATE to teach some of your juniors in your college or nearby your house about the concepts that you learnt. That will really help you in facing interviews.

iv) Also, in an interview even if you are not able to answer a question don’t bog down but show your keeness to learn by asking some questions and clarifications from the interviewer regarding the topic. Believe me, I asked them as many questions as they asked me just to have clarity about the question. Also, if you absolutely don’t have any idea regarding a question then you can say that you don’t know the answer.

Finally, I hope that everyone are reading this blog well before you started preparing for GATE rather than after writing GATE exam and preparing for interviews. I wish everyone the very best.

 2.       Sandesh


i have recently gone through your blog. it is quite informative.. my 2012
gate score is 561 and rank is 2714 in EC.i have done my btech and passing
year is 2011. i am working as a project engineer in iitbombay.. i want
to do mtech in electronic systems in iitbombay. so can you give me any
more tips for cracking iitb interview in EE will be helpful to
get a exact picture of the interview scenario.

thanking you..

with regards

jr. project engineer(hardware)

i did attend a research associate interview in IISC . my final year

project is  ‘a pca based face recognition using matlab’. so they asked me

various questions in that.

they are


1. why it is called face recognition.. cant i take a image of a banana and

match it and call it banana recognition?


2. then they asked about 2-dim fourier transform and its application on

the image processing….. after all the discussion they asked me why we

usefourier transform here… fourier transform should be done in

frequency domain….. where in the 2-d image u find a frequency

parameter…. how do you physically realize application of fourier

transform in case of image processing..


3. then they told me to draw a non inverting amplifier of gain 10 using

opamp. i did draw  with a R1= 1 k and RF= 9 k … they they asked that why

did you choose the values … can i take 100k and 900k or 1M and 9M or 1E

or 9E ….. i know there is some restriction of loading… but how to

answer this question.


4. can you see the hole? if yes justify if no justify….


5. how to convert a analog to digital signal???? … when i told them abt

the sampling process they said no no not that what is the scheme to be

followed… so how this question should be answered…


and most importantly how to react when i dont know a answer but has a

slight hint of the answer..

what  areas i should prepare and which text to follow when they ask abt my

project…. mostly the ask advanced aspects of my project..


Ans1. It is as good as asking: how face recognition system is different from any othr recognition system.. U must knw this.. What key features and database you are using for recognition.. There are some assumptions about any new data u get for recognition  rite..!! to say ur project as face recognition and not as Banana recognition..These things. It’s all tech details on your project..Think it’s very easy to answer..But u need to take ur time and think positively..

Ans2.  Frequency in image says abt sharp edges in image.. If you filter image for low frequency components you get a image with edges somewhat blurred compared to original one..and High frequency image will have shrp edges high lighted in it.. Any text will give u this ans..this is importance of frequency domain for an image..

Ans.3:  Noise concern to use large value ‘large’ in attached doc sloa082.

Ans 4. :  I think this question can be answered by considering the angle of depression and  angle of elevation when we look inside the hole and then the ground level.  Basically ‘depth’ is the property of the hole needs to be proved to say there is a hole exists.

Ans 5.  May be you were expected to explain sampling frequency determination.  Even I am not able to find what was there expectation. But you would have asked them for clarity in question and to know what were they exactly expecting from you. Be free and confident to ask questions to have clarity on the questions in any interview.

Ans 6: I suggest the same as said by Chaitanya in the above tips. For that matter in any interview, Asking more questions and being interactive with interviewer shows how confident you are. Also here you need to be very careful in your tone ; it may sound over confident and dominating the interviewer , this may not be good for you. Be humble, show keenness to learn.. Accept if you don’t have any idea of the topic.

Ans6:  Be clear and good with the basic concepts on your project. Follow standard text books. Think more on practical applications  of the project. Discuss your project with some expert faculty in your college and with friends. Try to know the obvious questions on your project and have best answers . This comes only by practical thinking on the project.  Think if much more work can be done in the project and how can u make it better. What is challenging part in that.

Always project has broader spectrum to pose questions and will depend on the interviewer’s familiarity and experience with the project topic.  Be confident , think and answer.

Frm my frnd Amit More, IITkgp:

Ans1. I think it is called face recognition because we are trying to recognize input image (whichever it is, a banana or Human face) against database which is generated from FACIAL images, which makes it face recognition.

Ans2. Frequency in spatial domain for Images corresponds to signal which changes with particular period (inverse of frequency). Which means if my image shows frequency of 1 or 2 in its FT along say, horizontal dimension, means there is a signal (visual pattern in case of images) which shows 1 or 2 transition in its intensity along that dimension.

The edges present in the images correspond to some frequency component along perpendicular direction of edge in a frequency domain. In face recognition some key features of images (Face) are extracted & stored. I am not aware of Face recognition algorithm so cant tell why exactly FT is used in Face recognition, but FT will extract frequency from images which may give some info. abt pattern of image.

PCA is also a kind of transform which gives info abt pattern of image.

3.       Avinash

Hello Rekha,


I wanted to share with you the written  test and the interview process at Electronic systems engineering department at IISC.

There were analog as well as digital systems design questions:

1. Implement a NOT gate using a 4:1 MUX , in as many ways as possible?

2. If a multimeter is connected across a PN junction diode, how much voltage it will read and why?

3.There was a question on limits from Mathematics, lim x—3 {Sin(x-3)/(x-3)} = ?

4. Design an OpAmp circuit, which glows LED at a rate of no more than 20 volts/s.

* hint :this question is based upon slew rate of opamp, to be less than or equal to 20, make a non inverting amplifier , with (slew rate <= 20)

5.Anotheropamp related  design question:

Design a circuit, which has three LED’s( red ,green, yellow),

red LED glows when input>1volt

green LED glows when input> 2 volt.

yellow LED glows when input> 3 volt.


*hint– Make a clipper circuit having  three parallel branches, each branch containing an LED and voltage sources as follows:

Red Led should be reverse biased with 1V

green LED should be reverse biased with 2V

yellow LED should be reverse biased with 3V.

the whole above parallel arrangement is preceeded by a non invertingOPamp amplifier of gain unity( i.e just keep a voltage follower)


6. Question on 3-dimensional spherical body and we are required to draw projections on 2-d plane.( projections namely TOP, lateral, bottom surfaces)


well, I remember these questions correctly, I will update u , if I remember more.

The interview had the following questions:

1. What are the subjects are you comfortable with? my reply was Signal n systems, Analog circuit design, Semiconductor physics.

2. As light is a signal, can you write an equation for the light falling from the tubelight in this room and how many independent variables will the equation have.

3.  A question on Aliasing and how to prevent it?

4. Questions on your final year project, which will be brainstorming..

5. Questions on work experience in industry, the project which you did at JOB and its importance.

Summing, it comes 18-20 mins..

Happy to present you and to help you, help others preparing for GATE to enter temples of Learning(IIT/IISc) .

Best Regards,

Avinash Chander.


Many more will be coming up from other visitors after complete admission process. Hope it helps you.

All the very best.

Tacts and Tips to write your CV

Curriculum Vitae is an important document for every fresh graduate in hunt of a job , may be a dream job and the first job (CV for a fresher). Most of us often puzzled: What to write ? How to write? Can I write this ? Should I mention this achievement in my CV?

What do recruiter conceive of candidate by looking at CV for first time is very important factor which influences the interview and thus the final decision of recruiter. Your CV is the one which sees your interviewer before you in front of him for interview many a times and most of the  times in these days where recruiters keep an eye on CVs uploaded on internet before you actually be present there for an interview.

Now you have understood how important it is to write an effective CV or Resume (for an experienced candidate).

I would like to share some of important points which help in making your CV. These are based on my experiences, learnt from different sources and my view points. Very important point you need to remember here is every inch of space in your CV is very precious and should be utilized to say about you in a right way as you expect  your interviewer to know you.

1. First and foremost thing you should keep in mind is ‘NO FAKE Information’ on your CV.Never even think of providing any fake information on your education details especially.

2. Mention personal information only as much required by your recruiter. Name, Date of Birth and Contact details (Phone, E-mail and Address). If your job requires you to know specific languages and recruiter is interested to know about it you can give these details, otherwise it’s not necessary.

3. One frequently asked question by many is : Should I write my hobbies?.. I say: Yes, but only if you have really achieved anything appreciable by someone with your hobby, otherwise it’s not necessary. Because not having or having a particular hobby never stops your recruiter from shortlisting the CV. If he is searching anything interested regarding hobbies he would always pose a question in your interview.

4. Don’t give too much information on your family and family members, caste, religion and all.

5.  Keep your points about achievements very brief, effective and impressive with usage of best words in dictionary. Just go through sample CVs speaking the similar achievements/points and try to make them better in your way.  Take extreme care in this portion because this is the part of your CV which catches the eyes of recruiter immediately and so need to be very impressive, sounding better than others.

6. Try to use the words Achievements ,Excellence, technology(If you are targeting a technology company  ), management and leadership (if you are applying management related jobs like HR.. so on.).

6. If you are writing about any of your positions of responsibility held by you, be very careful here.. Write as much best you can and mention the important changes you brought in by your position into the system towards making the system better. Here, you respected others talents, creativity and values is very important, if you have created any such opportunities to others by your position ever you mention them. This adds a great value on your CV.

7.  Be prepared mentally with each and every question that may arise from your every statement in the CV. Be clear and confident in your points.

8. Don’t simply modify your CV for the requirements of you recruiter unless you really have some important point you have to mention to your recruiter honestly. Ex. Changing your areas of expertise for the requirements of recruiter though you are not actually. It’s very dangerous if your recruiter starts screwing on these areas. It leaves very bad impression and possibilities you loose a opportunity meant for you.You may also b puzzled sometimes as which subjects to mention as your area of expertise, you have two options:

A. Mention your your proper areas of interest (favorite/ good at subjects) and prepare well by the time of your interview.

B. Don’t mention any of subjects you can always mention them during your interview based on situation then. Just be bit tactful and smart while answering this question that’s all (I did this).

9. I prefer to keep a CV which is good for your dream offer and be thorough with it. You will find your opportunity today or tomorrow but ultimately you will be happy with what you get instead of modifying yourself to fit in for others requirements.

10. Follow a good format for your CV based on the contents you need to fill in. Go creative here. But don’t decorate your CV unnecessarily with stylish fonts, tables, Page border. Keep it simple, standard (calibri is a good font), professional and use creative, punching wordings about your achievements.

11. One more point to mention. If you are puzzled with your too many achievements to put on CV. Just give your time to think who are going to be your competitors for the job applying. Does the achievement really differentiates yo from others in the queue.. Good.. Go ahead to put it..and clearly mention what is that differentiates you from others you here. Give your valuable time to think and rethink on these points. It helps you a lot with your interview and improving interview skills. It’s important to note here that some of achievements may not differentiate one in terms of betterment but important to make your recruiter notice that you are keenly interested and working towards the areas of your interest and also important for that particular job.

UPDATE: Must read this article:  The 3 Biggest Resume Mistakes .

All the best to all Job hunters..:)  Good luck..:)

Stay confident and Be positive..!!!! your dream opportunity is waiting for only you.

You have any doubts or need suggestions? you are most welcome to comment here and get in touch with me on Feel free to ask any small thing you feel like because I am also the one who crossed the stage of fresh candidate, facing all interviews hunting for my dream job.

How to be a good friend..

Man is a social animal. We can’t live without friends , relations, family and more importantly a friendly environment. We need people to care for, share with and to live with. Love that we give away is the love that we keep. So, it’s essential to be good to expect good from this world.Be good , Do good.. Good things will follow.

To make this Earth a great place live goodness, peace and love are most essential things.

Here are few things one should possess to be a good friend..I found this article received on my E-mail very important and interesting.Check out yourself..

How to be a good friend

Friends Forever..

How To Be A Good Friend
It is said that people are not calculated according to the number of friends they have, yes, some people they are friends. It is very difficult to have a good friend to others and a reliable everywhere. It will be difficult to win the love, appreciation and trust of others, unless and until you have the basic quality and features as one of being a good friend .
Qualities Of Being A Good Friend
What You Are: —
To be accepted by others around you, do not try to be someone that you do not. Be yourself. Let yourself be known and accepted for the performance of yourself, not for someone that you are not.
Be respectful :–
Know boundaries. Things and you should discuss your treatment with care – your friends may not share this information with anyone, and may not want. She shared it with you – and only you, as you know. For example: If you do not want your love your name, do not push yourself into it. If she named her heart, do not tell anyone else. This is only polite to anyone and everyone dissemination worth the expectation that you will keep the confidence.
Be Honest: —
A dishonest person can have friends around him / her, but not the truth. If you want a good friend to others, it is important to show loyalty to those around you. No broken promises that you make them. Think twice before making your response – whether you can stand up to speak for you. In case if you have promised and could not complete it, be honest to tell them about the whole dilemma.
Are You Dependable: —
You should win the confidence of the people you want to be a good friend. This is only if you can show honest with them. Be loyal. If your friend shares his / her best kept secrets with you, do not let any third person even get suggestions about it. Blabbing secrets to others would result in the loss of your confidence and trust in you. You’ll then be viewed as a backstabber. Remember, trust is the foundation of good friendship. So, do not trust to leave their friends, at any cost.
Listen : —
Hear your friends. Lending an ear to the needs, their emotions, feelings and desires. Without limiting yourself by just listening to them. Show your reaction to anything they say, by gestures. Showing feel will not serve the purpose. Try to empathize their situation.
Shows the time of crisis: —
May be through thick and thin of your life. You should be the first to help you in your time of crisis. For example, if your friend is a hospital, give his / her immediate aid, such as packed in bags, before I do. Do not leave your friends to enjoy himself / themselves in any illegal activities. Special care of your friends who you think was wedged with any type of addiction. Advise that person out of the habit. Whether it’s physical, mental or financial support, allowing the first there, rather than as a last resort.
Leave space: —
The most important aspect, the maximum that people neglect when they want a good friend, the needs of the space friendship. While getting personal with your friends, do not forget to leave a space for him / her. It is very important to maintain the personality of the friendship. Do not be clingy or poor. Give your friend enough time to hang out with others. Him / her space is needed. Not enjoy all the time on the job,he / she does not want to share with you or do not want your participation in it.
How I wish I had a friend like you.
Someone I could tell my troubles to.
Someone who won’t laugh and call me fool.
A good friend like you.

Dedicated to all my friends.

This post is specially dedicated to all my dear friends…:):)

Kgp Crunchhhhh….!!!! My student life @IITKgp.:)

I joined Indian Institute of  Technology, Kharagpur as Post-Grad in the academic year 2010-11. In a month I will be passing out from this stupendous IIT. I would like to share student life I spent here , which I feel most valuable days for my life..

Main Building, IIT Kharagpur- My heaven and A sacred place of India

      An IIT creates environment where one can just open up feathers to fly to the height of the sky, unleash themselves to make their best in life. The Institute provides a plenty of opportunities for one to grow in all best aspects of life. One should be keen, smart and intellect enough to make the best out of these opportunities. I feel great to be a part of this great institute is a life time opportunity. It changed me and my life significantly  and has made me realize my strengths and values. Institute has a great powers to bring significant change ones life making it more competent and rewarding. I may sound very partial to the one sees IITs only in the perspective of its placements to get opportunities of lucrative job to add materialistic values to life. I have predilection towards capability of IIT life and environment to strengthen one mentally to confront challenges in real life than making making only theoretically knowledgeable. In deed, important for one to survive in this competitive world.

   I am very socializing and friendly being, always like to make many more friends and that is what I asset ‘Friendship’. I have learned a lot into my life from my friends at IITkgp. Friends take a major role in what am I today. They make best part of my life at Kharagpur.

   Also I like to remain as very active person in all my surroundings and to leave a remark of my existence. The inherent nature of mine made to take up few responsibilities at IIT campus life and in turn contributed much into my career path.

When I came as a fresher to the Insti, I am almost nothing, other than having lots of dreams in life to fulfill about my engineering profession and responsible human being to the society (as a daughter, student and a social being). IIT gave me all the opportunities to make them all true and filled me with all positive thoughts to make my dreams come true. Institute provides an environment, successful enough to take out the best out of one.

Then I just started making friends without whom we can’t survive anywhere on this Earth. Trust me..its very tough to find a friend in this competitive place in beginning , it takes time..!!! I used to miss family, friends from home town a lot..!!home sick for some days.. But always pretend as I am happy in new place to my family, otherwise parents start worrying..:) In this part of stay only Fresher parties, a change in life, life style, new culture, new environment kept me busy along with my studies. Spending all study time in Central library of the institute and rest of the time either in room or classes..I don’t even know to ride a cycle. Only I know how much I used to miss to roam all around this huge campus..Ya.. I learned to ride cycle in our DP(Durga Puja) vacation with the help of my neighbor and friend Swetha. Like this a semester passed on..

After first semester I could find some friends for myself… Sheela, Sakshi, Santosh, Sanyam, Vasudev, Guru, Swetha and Rucha are the best to mention here.Along with friendly classmates..Also friends from Robotix society TRS at IITkgp., Kannada group,IITkgp, MT hall (my hostel) boarders,my seniors. These people  made life more interesting at IIT. I had learnt cycling as well..the student journey at IIT actually begins this onwards.

I joined ThinkInnoventions, an electronics start-up at IITkgp by students there as a Think-Expert into R&D team to develop Digital pen technology. I find new set of IIT guys into innovation and start up venture. I was inspired, found  new opportunity, another perspective of IIT here.

Lessons I learned @IITkgp:

1. Stop complaining .. start accepting your surrounding and make the best with it..

2. Fight for what you want, your passion and dream..

3. Never give up in life

4.  How to make  friends and be with them.

5. As long as we are right, good; we win.. Be good, do good .. good things will follow..

6. Learned to say ‘NO’ when I want to say..You may think it’s not so great but it’s tough job to say ‘NO’ many a time and most important. I like to share a incident here happened when I was in third semester during placements in the end of  November.. Tech General championship very first event of the year. .Trying myself hard to get participation from MT hall being Technology General  Secretory in Hall council mean while so much busy for placement preparation.. and no one is ready to take up responsibility as captain for the event and participate.. Can’t help had to say ‘No participation’ from our side.. I never prefer backing off however tough the situation may go..!!! But , this time I had to do that..

7. Work for passion, it automatically takes you where you deserve to be.

8. The love that we give away is the love that we keep…:)

9. Forgive and forget , give and take policies : How true..!!!! How important it is to forget and forgive…!!

Many more personal development within myself as I could see in myself now.. Started enjoying , loving as never ever before..

I fall short of words to express my gratitude to the Institute.

More importantly I realized my potential to achieve my goals, make my dreams true.

Dreams and goals are very important to make life worth living..

Thank you Indian Institute of Technology , Kharagpur for all that you have given me..I am grateful through out my life for what you have made me today..

I wish this great institute be a great place to many more people like me.

IITKgp ka tempo high hai..!!!!!!!!!Yo IITKgp..!! IITKgp rocks..!!!

The best Morning thoughts..!! Your Bed-coffee..:)

These are best thoughts one can have every morning while waking up to begin a new powerful day..:):) Just like a morning coffee..!!!!!

Are you satisfied with your life?

by Jane Powell
“Your life will always be, to a large extent, what you make it.”
Your life is yours. You own it, and what you make of it is purely up to you. Others may support you in your aspirations, but, in the end, it’s your creation. You are your one and only boss, and with that awareness comes a special responsibility.Once you accept this responsibility and stop waiting around for others to make you happy, you will become unstoppable. There will be no denying you. Your life will change, all becausbof you. So, turn on the green light and go!
Choose Your Audience Wisely. Surround yourself with people who see you and appreciate who you really are. Make it a practice to keep the company of those who only want the very best for you. Stop wasting your time trying to convince those who don’t “get” you or understand your choices in life. You need cheerleaders, not projects.Become a Champion for Yourself. Speak kindly and positively to yourself all the time. Look in a mirror regularly and applaud your successes. (I keep a makeup mirror on my desk for this purpose thanks to Louise Hay). Literally pat yourself on the back for a job well done. Get in the habit of being your own best supporter when things don’t go the way you planned. Tell yourself, “It’s okay, it’s okay, we’re learning and growing every day!”
The opportunity of right nowOpportunity, when combined with effort, brings achievement. Now is when you have the opportunity and now is when you can make the effort.Each moment opens up new possibilities for creating value that can remain in your life long after the moment is gone. Now, on this day, in this place, is one such powerful moment.You could let this day simply pass on by, and take with it all its valuable opportunities. Or, you can get busy and make something of those opportunities.Sure, you can come up with perfectly reasonable excuses for not taking action. Yes, you can let the disappointments and frustrations stop you.Or, you can choose to act on the unique, valuable opportunities that are in front of you right now. Before the value of this day passes you by, you can take hold of that value and make it a permanent part of your life.The opportunities of right now are powerful and valuable, but only if you choose to act on them while they are here. Reach inside, connect solidly with your dreams, let those dreams motivate you to take action, and make the efforts that will bring those dreams to life. 

Wake up every morning with a great hope than you had ever before and start your day..:)

Placement preparation VLSI profile jobs

This post would be simple guide to placement preparation for hardware profile jobs.These information is based on what my batch-mates ,friends and me prepared for campus placements in IIT Kharagpur.But I am sure this is all what expected from Fresher for any VLSI  recruitment.

  • Always preparation begins with CV preparation and make it the best looking one and good Acads will help for VLSI jobs as design jobs require a good knowledge in area and of subject  and how dedicated you are to technical studies than involving managerial works.
  • Leadership qualities and taking initiatives do make good impression irrespective of Tech/Management job
  • Start your preparation from standard books
  • Be prepared with your GATE materials
  • Good books to follow are Digital design by Rabey, CMOS circuits by Kang and Hodges : Must for digital design
  • Design of Analog CMOS integrated circuits by Razavi is compulsory for Analog profile
  • Also Analog electronics, solid state devices are required for Digital design as well but to UG level(GATE materials will do)
  • Google out lots of VLSI interview questions available on internet and keep preparation on till you get placed , never be over confident after preparations
  • Be thorough with Technical stuffs , aptitude can be answered on spot : good if you can make some preparation based on placement papers
  •  Solve interview puzzles (go through my Qualcomm interview for better idea on interview).Check a few here.
  • Solve many placement papers from different VLSI companies
  • Be thorough with VLSI basics and tricky questions can be easily solved if you are good at fundamentals
  • Please read these two documents before placement preparation :  Insight-09-Placement-Guide-IIT-Kanpur , TnPedia
  • Topics need more focus in preparation
  1. Timing constraints in Digital design : Set up and hold time, clock skew , Rabey is the best one for this topic .Also check these files setup and hold time and Setup and Hold timings
  2. Pipeline and parallelism : Architectural design of ICs , Computer architecture fundamentals
  3. Kgpians check out this
  4. Key points from Hodges , important topics from Rabey and Kang
  5. William Stallings for computer architecture specially Cache memory,arithmetic,Pipeline architecture (read about computer architecture preparation from Software job preparation section )
  6. Verilog and VHDL coding would be very helpful : Verilog basics compulsory
  7. Combinatorial blocks design, sequential circuit design , digital counters design from very basic steps compulsory
  8. Here is best material for counter design.. Building-Dividers-With-Flipflop

I try to keep more info available here: Will be updated as and when I find good things for you.

All the best..:)